Songbirds & Other Birds

  • A diversity of native plants, shrubs, and trees provide food, cover, and nesting sites
  • Water is an important component of a backyard bird habitat
  • Birds eat insects, seeds, fruits, and nectar
  • Artificial feeders must be regularly cleaned to prevent spreading diseases

Species Description: Songbirds

Songbirds are found in almost every habitat in the United States. They live mainly in terrestrial habitats but also in vegetated wetlands and on shores. Orioles, finches, mockingbirds and warblers are among the hundreds of birds that make up this diverse group.

Songbirds’ diets are just as varied as their habitats. They eat seeds, berries, nectar, fruit and insects. They benefit farmers and foresters by consuming millions of insects that could damage crops and trees. Millions of homeowners and gardeners also appreciate this benefit as well. Many people create songbird habitats with native plants, water sources and nesting boxes to attract songbirds to their landscapes. Some songbirds will consume about 300 insects a day.

Forest reduction, changes in agricultural land management, and a reduction in native prairies have caused declines in many songbird species’ populations. A lack of wintering grounds is also threatening these beneficial birds. During the winter months, many species migrate to South America where their habitats are declining.

Mississippi State University Publications

Mississippi Recreational Gardens: Establishing a Backyard Wildlife Habitat

Mississippi Recreational Gardens: Establishing a Backyard Wildlife Habitat (PDF)
Natural Resource Enterprises Program, Mississippi State University Extension Service

Mississippi State University Extension Service. All wildlife requires food, water and shelter to survive. This publication discusses providing those necessities in a backyard environment. Detailed information is given on how to attract birds, hummingbirds, butterflies, bats, snakes, lizards, toads and frogs. Information is also provided on controlling deer, rodents, and other animals that are considered pests. Management tips are given for making your backyard the best habitat possible including an example and how to create a trail.

Native Shrubs for Mississippi Landscapes

Native Shrubs for Mississippi Landscapes (PDF)
Mississippi State University Extension Service

There are 30 shrub species native to Mississippi that can be successfully used in home landscapes.  This publication discusses the native habitats, flowering, fruit, leaf and form characteristics and wildlife values of the 30 shrub species.

Annual and Perennial Flowers for Mississippi Gardens

Annual and Perennial Flowers for Mississippi Gardens (PDF)
Mississippi State University Extension Service

This publication discusses annual and perennial flowers and their uses in gardens.  It gives a basic overview of both types of flowers and how to grow them in your garden.

Conservation Buffers: Wildlife Benefits in Southeastern Agricultural Systems

Conservation Buffers: Wildlife Benefits in Southeastern Agricultural Systems (PDF)
Mississippi State University Forest and Wildlife Research Center

Conservation buffers include filter strips, riparian buffers, grass waterways, and field borders. These practices used in conjunction with land management for timber and agriculture can enhance wildlife habitat, provide erosion control, and reduce herbicide runoff. This publication discusses the different types of conservation buffers, the environmental benefits, and the economic benefit to farmers.

Grassland Bird Response to Agricultural Field Borders

Grassland Bird Response to Agricultural Field Borders (PDF)
Mississippi State University Forest and Wildlife Research Center

 Research performed at Mississippi State University the use of agricultural field border management practices and the impact on grassland bird species. "Within intensive agricultural landscapes, field borders provide important idle herbaceous cover for grassland and early successional birds. Field borders may provide nesting, foraging, roosting, loafing, and escape cover. During winter, field borders may provide important habitat in southern agricultural systems where most short distance migrants overwinter. Field borders provide important habitat for many grassland birds due to their greater abundance of food (weed seeds) and more complex vegetation structure compared to non-bordered field margins.

Conservation Buffers: Wildlife Benefits in Southeastern Agricultural Systems

Native Warm-Season Grass Restoration in Mississippi (PDF)
Mississippi State University Forest and Wildlife Research Center

This publication defines native warm season grasses, lists examples of the types of warm season grasses and provides labeled drawings of the types. It describes the benefits of restoring native grasses and how to do so. Information is provided on keeping different nonnative grass species under control. Information is also given on choosing and planting grass species in a way that restores ecosystems and is advantageous to wildlife or creates livestock forage. Use of periodic disturbances is also covered along with contact information for organizations that assist with management of warm season grasses.

Supplemental Wildlife Food Planting Manual for the Southeast - Food Plots

Supplemental Wildlife Food Planting Manual for the Southeast (PDF)
Mississippi State University Extension Service

This guide provides information on food plots and habitat management practices including disking, mowing and prescribed burning.  The importance of openings is also discussed. A combination of supplemental forages in food planting is often necessary, as well as testing soil quality, fertilizing and liming. The location, size and shape of food plots as well as how to prepare them and which plants to use is included. An extensive guide on planting materials is given.

Conservation Reserve Program Mid-Contract Management: Practices for Wildlife Habitat Improvement in Mississippi

Conservation Reserve Program Mid-Contract Management: Practices for Wildlife Habitat Improvement in Mississippi (PDF)
Mississippi State University and Cooperators

Those enrolled in the Conservation Reserve Program can participate in mid-contract management activities to improve wildlife habitat that are cost-shared. In grasslands, these practices include prescribed fire, light strip-disking, interseeding legumes in introduced grass stands, and herbicidal control of invasive vegetation. In forests, these practices include prescribed fire or light disking, herbicidal control of invasive woody vegetation in pine stands, and herbicidal control of invasive exotic vegetation in pine and hardwood stands. This publication covers management techniques that are cost-shared through CRP in detail.

Pine Forestland Habitat Management for Wildlife

Pine Forestland Habitat Management for Wildlife (PDF)
Mississippi State University Forest and Wildlife Research Center

Pine forests can be managed to provide wildlife habitat using a variety of techniques, some of which can improve timber stand quality. Established stands can be managed with thinning, prescribed fire or disking, and even herbicide control of hardwoods which can provide food and cover for quail and grassland species, deer, rabbits, turkey and other wildlife. Regenerating stands can be managed to provide weeds, legumes, and grasses that benefit quail and other early successional wildlife species. Even former agricultural fields can be managed for grassland habitat in conjunction with pine production to include wildlife habitat.

Farm-level Habitat Management for Bobwhite Quail and Other Farm Wildlife

Mississippi's Conservation Reserve Program CP33 (PDF)
Mississippi State University, Natural Resources Conservation Service, Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks, USDA Farm Service Agency, Forest and Wildlife Research Center.

CP33 field borders or habitat buffers are designed to benefit quail and other grassland bird populations. A research program was initiated in 2006 to study the effects of CP33 native grass habitat buffers on bird populations in Mississippi. The results of this study are presented in this report.

Other Publications

Conservation Buffers (PDF)
Wildlife Trends, Volume 5, Issue 2

Private landowners can improve wildlife habitat and provide other environmental benefits through practices such as conservation buffers that are easily integrated with production agriculture. Field borders may also benefit the farmer economically by taking low-yielding field margins and enrolling them in cost-share programs. This article discusses the many types of conservation buffers and the benefits that each type can provide. In addition, it provides information on the conservation programs that can provide assistance with the installation of field borders.

 

Encouraging Songbirds in Your Backyard (PDF)
Washington State University, Cooperative Extension

This publication gives tips on improving your backyard habitat for songbirds.  It discusses feeding and housing songbirds and provides a list of trees and shrubs to attract songbirds.

 

Bird Houses for Songbirds (PDF)
Alabama Cooperative Extension System

This publication provides instructions and measurements for building songbird nest boxes.

 

Small Woodlots: Important Rest Stops for Migratory Songbirds (PDF)
Purdue University

Migratory birds travel thousands of miles each year. They usually break up the trip into several segments, thus habitat for stopovers is important. Loss of forest habitat has impacted the survival of migratory songbirds. Small forest patches are important in improving the survival of migratory birds by ensuring they are healthy when they arrive to wintering or breeding grounds.

 

Helping Birds at Home - Improving Bird Habitat in Your Yard (PDF)
PRBO Conservation Science

Songbird populations have dwindles due to loss of habitat and the spread of exotic non-native species. Improving bird habitat in your yard can help provide valuable breeding habitat and food for resident and migratory birds. Using native plants to create structural diversity that mimic natural formations provides nesting sites. Making your yard less attractive to songbird predators is another important step. Taking care when you mow to leave no-mow areas and native tree saplings and shrubs help ground-nesting birds.

 

Landscaping to Create Backyard Bird Habitat (PDF)
Rutgers NJAES Cooperative Extension

Making sure your backyard includes the basic needs of wildlife can create backyard habitat for birds. Food, water, cover, and space are important. Steps to landscape your backyard for bird habitat are outlined. A description of the types of plants to consider when creating bird habitat is provided as well as a table of different species and their growing conditions and uses by wildlife.